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Salem is a major city in Salem district, located on the banks of Thirumanimutharu river in Tamil Nadu, India. It is located about 140 km northwest of Tiruchirappalli, 170km northeast of Coimbatore, 206km southeast of Bangalore and about 340km southwest of the state capital, Chennai. Salem is the fifth largest urban agglomeration in the state by population next to Chennai, Coimbatore, Madurai and Trichy and the fifth largest city in Tamil Nadu by area covering 124 sq km.