Mewar

From Infotria
Jump to navigation Jump to search

"'Mewar"' or "'Mewad"' is a region in India's Rajasthan state in the south-central section. It comprises the current districts of Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Rajsamand, Udaipur, Pirawa Tehsil of Jhalawar District of Rajasthan.

The Mewar region is made up of the Aravali Range to the northwest, the Ajmer to the north, Gujarat and the Vagad region of Rajasthan to the south, the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh state to the southeast, and the Hadoti region of Rajasthan to the east.

History

The territory was dominated by the Rajputs for centuries and is famous for its warrior kings like Rana Kumbha (reign 1433–68), Rana Sanga (reign 1508–1528) and Maharana Pratap (reign 1572 - 1597).

During the British East India Company's rule in India, the princely state of Udaipur arose as an administrative unit and lasted until the end of the [[British Raj] era.

Geography

The northern and eastern parts of Mewar are raised plateaus, whereas the western and southern parts are rocky, hilly, and densely forested. The watershed divide between the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Khambhat drainage goes virtually through the heart of Mewar. The Bedach and Banas River and its tributaries drain the northern and eastern parts of Mewar, which empties northwest into the Chambal River, a tributary of the Yamuna River.

The Banas and its tributaries meet near the headwaters of the Sabarmati and Mahi rivers, which drain south into the Gulf of Khambhat through Gujarat. The Aravalli Range, which runs along the region's northwestern border, is largely made up of sedimentary rocks like marble and Kota Stone, which has long been used as a construction material.