Hammir Singh

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Rana Hammir (1314–78), often known as Hammir, was a Hindu Rajput monarch of Mewar in modern-day Rajasthan, India, in the 14th century. The ruling Guhila dynasty had been expelled from Mewar during an attack by the Delhi Sultanate at the turn of the 13th century. Hammir Singh, a descendant of the Guhila dynasty's cadet branch, reclaimed control of the region, re-established the dynasty after defeating the Tughlaqs, and captured present-day Rajasthan from Muslim forces in Delhi, becoming the first of his dynasty to use the royal title 'Rana' instead of 'Rawal'. Hammir also established the Sisodia clan, a branch of the Guhila dynasty to which all subsequent Maharanas of Mewar belonged.

In the Chittor Fort in Chittorgarh, Rajasthan, he built the Annapoorna Mata shrine.

Victories against Tughluq dynasty

According to Rajput bardic chroniclers such as Nainsi (17th century), Hammir Singh seized control of Mewar amid the chaos produced by the collapse of the Khalji kingdom in Delhi. Maldev's son Jaiza, a Chauhan subject of the Delhi Sultanate, was expelled from Mewar. When Jaiza fled to Delhi, Delhi Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq marched to Mewar to fight Hammir Singh. In the Battle of Singoli, Hammir Singh defeated Tughluq near Singoli hamlet and imprisoned him, according to Muhnot Nainsi. After the Sultanate gave him Ajmer, Ranthambor, Nagaur, and Sooespur in exchange for 50 million rupees and 1000 elephants, he was released three months later.

After Hammir Singh's victory over Tughlaq, his authority was accepted by other Rajput leaders, effectively declaring Mewar independent of the Delhi Sultanate.