Battle of Dewair, 1582

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The "'Battle of Dewair of 1582"' was fought at Dewair (Diver, Diwer) in present-day Rajasthan between the Rajput Rana of Mewar Maharana Pratap and the Mughal emperor Akbar's forces headed by Shahbaz Khan. Maharana Pratap was victorious in the battle.

Background

Earlier, Maharana Pratap had lost control of Mewar and Chittor after the Battle of Haldighati in 1576, and was forced to retire into the jungles of the Aravali mountains. Here, he regrouped and rebuilt his army, for which his minister Bhamashah provided him with Rs 2,500,000 and 20,000 gold coins.

The battle

On September 16, 1582, Maharana Pratap stormed the Mughal fortress of Dewair, which was commanded by Mughal officer Sultan Khan. Maharana Pratap's son Amar Singh killed Sultan Khan in the battle, forcing the Mughal army to abandon Dewair and escape. Maharana Pratap chased the retreating Mughal army to Amet, which he also seized. Soon after, 36 garrisons (thanas) and 84 additional posts in Kumbhalgarh were captured, and the defenders were killed. After this, Maharana Pratap advanced to Udaipur, where he met little resistance, as it had already been abandoned by the Mughal army.

Result

Maharana Pratap reclaimed most of Mewar except for Chittor, Ajmer, and Mandalgarh, as a result of the battle of Dewair.

Legacy

On January 10, 2012, Pratibha Patil, the President of India, inaugurated a victory memorial commemorating Maharana Pratap's triumph at Dewair.

Sources

  • Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, v. 1 of 3, James Tod[1]
  • Maharana Pratap, by Bhawan Singh Rana[2]
  • Rajsamand Tourism, Government of Rajasthan[3]